Lou Kosteraus neue Musik

Lou Koster (* 7. Mai 1889 in Luxemburg; † 17. November 1973 ebenda) war eine luxemburgische Komponistin und Pianistin. Außerdem intonierte sie zu Stummfilmen, war Konzertveranstalterin und fungierte als Musikpädagogin und Orchesterleiterin. Sie gilt – zusammen mit der fast gleichaltrigen Helen Buchholtz – als die ersten Komponistin Luxemburgs.

Leben

Lou Koster war zweites von fünf Kindern von dem Bahnbeamten Jean Johann Koster (1852–1919) und Emma, geborene Hoebich (1865–1950). Ihr Großvater Franz Ferdinand Bernhard Hoebich (1813–1900), dessen Vorfahren in Schlesien beheimatet waren, war allererster Kapellmeister Luxemburger Militärmusik und übernahm die musikalische Ausbildung in elementarer Musiktheorie, Klavier und Geige für Lou und ihre Schwester Lina (1891–1938). In den letzten Jahren des Stummfilmes spielten die drei Mädchen Lou, Lina und Laure (1902–1999) in den Luxemburger Kinos zu den Filmen Klavier und Geige, um sich etwas Taschengeld zu verdienen. Nach dem Tod des Großvaters verbrachte Lou etwa zwei Jahre bei ihrer musikbegabten Tante Anna Hoebich in Paris, wo sie auch Französisch erlernte.

1906 wurde Lou Koster eine der ersten Schülerinnen des im gleichen Jahr gegründeten Konservatoriums der Stadt Luxemburg, wo sie ihre Studien neben Klavier und Geige auch mit Solfège und Harmonielehre weiterführte. Ihre wichtigsten Lehrer waren Joseph Keyseler (1879–1953) and Marie Kühn-Fontenelle (1875–1952). Von 1908 bis 1954 unterrichtete sie dann selbst an dieser Hochschule, im Fach Klavier. Am 1. Mai 1908 wurde sie mit nur 19 Jahren Lehrbeauftragte für Violine und Klavier. 1922 erhielt sie eine Hilfslehrstelle und nach ihrer Beförderungsprüfung (eine Art Ausbildereignungsprüfung) 1933 erhielt sie eine ganze Lehrbeauftragtenstelle mit entsprechendem Gehalt. Zu ihrem 65. Geburtstag am 7. Mai 1954 endete ihre Anstellung am Konservatorium. Danach widmete sie sich gänzlich dem Komponieren.

In den 1960er Jahren gründete sie das Vokal-Ensemble Onst Lidd in der Absicht, Luxemburger Liedgut einer größeren Öffentlichkeit zugänglich zu machen, tatsächlich wurden aber überwiegend ihre eigenen Werk aufgeführt.

In den ersten Jahren nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg war Lou Koster auch als Schwimmsportlerin aktiv und erfolgreich. So wurde sie beispielsweise 1949 mit einem goldenen Ehrenabzeichen der Schwimmsportfederation bedacht, über die das Escher Tageblatt berichtete.

Es bestand eine Freundschaft zu der Industriellengattin Aline Mayrisch de Saint-Hubert, die sich sowohl für die Stärkung der Rolle der Frau einsetzte, als auch großes Interesse an Kunst und Literatur hegte. Lou Koster war wiederholt bei der Familie auf ihrem Sommersitz in Cabris nahe Grasse in Südfrankreich.
Quelle Wiki: https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lou_Koster

Lou Koster (* 7 May 1889 in Luxemburg; † 17 November 1973) was a Luxembourgish composer and pianist. She also scored for silent films, was a concert organiser and acted as a music teacher and orchestra leader. Together with Helen Buchholtz, who was almost the same age, she is considered Luxembourg’s first female composer.

Life

Born on 7 May 1889 in Luxembourg City, Louise Koster was the daughter of the railway official Jean Koster (1852–1919) and Emma Hoebich (1865–1950). Her maternal grandfather, Franz Ferdinand Bernhard Hoebich (1813–1900), who was born in Silisia, was the conductor of the military band in Echternach from 1842. He later directed the music corps at the grand-ducal court. After retiring in 1878 and becoming a widower in 1882, Hoebich became the music teacher of Lou and her sister Lina (1891–1938). Lou had two other siblings, Fernand (1902–1981) and Laure (1902–1999).

It was her grandfather who taught Lou Koster not only to play both the violin and the piano but also elementary music theory. At a time when girls in Luxembourg could only study music privately, Koster proved to be a gifted student. Shortly before his death, her grandfather gave her his violin, a masterpiece created by the Austrian Jacob Stainer (c.1618–1683). After her grandfather died in March 1900, her mother continued her music education until she was 15, when she was sent to spend two years with her aunt Anna Hoebich in Paris so that she could learn to speak French.

It was only in 1906, when she was 17, that Koster was able to attend the newly opened Luxembourg Conservatory, where she was able to continue her violin and piano studies, primarily under Joseph Keyseler (1879–1953) and Marie Kühn-Fontenelle (1875–1952). She apparently also learnt composition under the Belgian composer Fernand Mertens (1827–1957).

The Koster daughters began to earn their living from music at an early age, even before the First World War. They accompanied silent films on Sundays and holidays, playing the violin (Lou) and the cello (Lina and occasionally Laura) and performed in the capital’s concert cafés. From 1908, Lou Koster worked as a piano and violin tutor at the conservatory. Although this work was not well paid, she remained an auxiliary teacher for 13 years before she was officially appointed a piano teacher. She continued to be employed as a conservatory teacher until 1954. She also played in the conservatory’s orchestra although there are no records of her own compositions having been played.

As a composer, she began to write songs and light music for the piano. She went on to compose waltzes, marches and other dances, publishing 14 selected pieces in Germany and Belgium. In 1922, she composed her one-act operetta An der Schwemm (At the Baths) with a libretto by the Luxembourger Batty Weber (1860–1940). It was performed in the Pole Nord, a venue in Luxembourg City, where it was well received. In the 1920s, she also wrote some 20 light orchestral pieces for her own ensemble. They were performed in connection with competitions at the Swimming Club Luxembourg. In July 1922, her specially composed “Swimming March” was performed for the Swimming Club.

From 1933, Koster’s orchestral works were performed ever more frequently by Radio Luxembourg’s symphony orchestra. In connection with the centenary celebrations for Luxembourg’s independence in 1939, her marches “La Joyeuse” and “Keep Smiling” were performed, as well as a fantasy from her An der Schwemm.

Her works were not performed during the German occupation of Luxembourg during the Second World War as they were deemed to be too French. After the war, she had difficulty in re-establishing herself. As a result, she turned from light music to more serious vocal compositions. On 22 November 1959, a concert arranged by the City of Luxembourg to present her vocal works was well received. This encouraged Koster to create Ons Lidd (Our Song), an ensemble she frequently accompanied on the piano and which increasingly performed her own compositions.

Her final, longest and most important work, Der Geiger von Echternach (The Echternach Fiddler), was a choral ballad adapted from a text by the Luxembourg writer Nik Welter. It was performed in the Abbey of Echternach by the RTL Orchestra and the Chorale Municipale of Esch-sur-Alzette on 9 July 1972. It proved to be a tremendous success.

Lou Koster died the following year, on 17 November 1973, in Luxembourg City.
Source Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lou_Koster