Mel Bonisaus Impressionismus + Romantik

Mel Bonis painting by Charles-Auguste Corbineau (1835-1901), French artist / Public domain

Mélanie Hélène Bonis (* 21. Januar 1858 in Paris; † 18. März 1937 in Sarcelles) war eine französische Komponistin. Ihre Werke wurden zumeist unter dem Pseudonym Mel Bonis publiziert.

Leben

Mélanie Bonis wurde in einer kleinbürgerlichen Pariser Familie geboren, die ihr musikalisches Talent kaum förderte und ihr nur widerwillig ein Studium am Pariser Conservatoire erlaubte, das durch Vermittlung von César Franck zustande kam. Von 1876 bis 1881 studierte sie dort erfolgreich (wie mehrere Preise belegen), unter anderem bei Ernest Guiraud. Zu den Studienkollegen gehörten Gabriel Pierné und Claude Debussy. Um eine Heirat mit dem Studienkollegen Amédée Hettich (1856–1937) zu verhindern, nahmen ihre Eltern sie jedoch vor dem regulären Studienende vom Konservatorium.

1883 wurde sie von den Eltern in eine Ehe mit dem zweifach verwitweten und 22 Jahre älteren Industriellen Albert Domange gedrängt, der fünf Kinder mit in die Ehe brachte und in Sarcelles lebte. Bis 1898 brachte Mélanie Bonis in der Ehe drei weitere Kinder zur Welt. Ein 1899 geborenes viertes Kind, das versteckt aufwachsen musste (was Bonis schwer belastete), stammte aus der wiederaufgelebten Beziehung zu Hettich, der im Pariser Musikleben mittlerweile eine wichtige Rolle spielte.

Die familiären Verpflichtungen erlaubten es Bonis erst ab etwa 1900, sich verstärkt der Komposition zuzuwenden (nicht zuletzt aufgrund des Zuspruchs von Hettich), und etwa bis zum Beginn des Ersten Weltkrieges entstanden die wichtigsten Werke. In dieser Zeit erhielt sie mehrere Kompositionspreise. Sie wurde Mitglied der Société des Compositeurs und arbeitete als deren Sekretärin. Die letzten 15 Jahre ihres Lebens waren jedoch von zunehmender künstlerischer Isolation und Krankheit geprägt, wenngleich sie weiter komponierte.

Quelle Wiki: https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mélanie_Bonis

Mélanie Hélène Bonis (* 21 January 1858 in Paris; † 18 March 1937 in Sarcelles) was a French composer. Her works were mostly published under the pseudonym Mel Bonis.

Life

Bonis was born to a Parisian lower-middle-class family and was educated according to the strict norms of Catholic morality. Endowed with great talent and musical sensitivity, she taught herself to play the piano. Initially, her parents did not encourage her music, but when she was twelve they were persuaded by a professor at the Conservatoire to allow her to receive formal music lessons. In 1874, at the age of sixteen, she began her studies at the Conservatoire, and attended classes in accompaniment, harmony, and composition, where she shared the benches with Claude Debussy and Gabriel Pierné and received tuition from César Franck. Due to the difficulties encountered by women who wished to compose, she adopted the more androgynous form of her first name, “Mel”.

At the Conservatoire, she met and fell in love with Amédée Landély Hettich (5 February 1856 – 5 April 1937), a student, poet, and singer, setting some of his poems to music. Her parents disapproved of the match and withdrew her from the Conservatoire. In 1883, when she was twenty-five, they arranged for her to marry the businessman Albert Domange (4 April 1836 – 31 March 1918). Domange was twenty-two years her senior, and twice a widower with five children from his previous marriages. After marriage, Bonis immersed herself in domesticity, bearing three children with Domage: Pierre (1884 – 1969), Jeanne (1888 – 1987) and Édouard (1893 – 1932). For Bonis, it was not an ideal marriage, as Domange did not like music.

In the 1890’s, Bonis re-encountered Hettich, who was by then a respected vocal teacher and writer on music, married to a Polish harpist. Hettich encouraged Bonis to return to composition and was able to introduce her to some of the major publishers, after which her career began to succeed. Bonis and Hettich embarked on an affair, which led to the birth of an illegitimate child, Madeleine (Jeanne-Pauline-Madeline Verger), on 8 September 1899. Madeleine was put into the care of a former chambermaid; she inherited musical talent from her parents.

Bonis then devoted all her energies to composition. Her piano quartet was performed in 1901, and when he heard it, Saint-Saens exclaimed, “I never imagined a woman could write such music!”. On 22 April 1905, she received an ‘honourable mention’ for her (now lost) Suite pour harpe chromatique et deux instruments à vent. In 1907, she became a member of the committee of the Société des compositeurs de musique (sic) and, from 1910 to 1914, its secretary. Some of her works were published by Éditions Alphonse Leduc.

In 1912, after the death of his wife, Hettich acknowledged that he was Madeleine’s father. Domange died on 31 March 1918, when Bonis assumed care of Madeleine, whose foster mother had also died. Upon his demobilisation from service in World War I, Édouard fell in love with Madeleine, his half-sister, forcing Bonis to reveal their familial relationship, on pain of strict secrecy. In 1923, Madeleine married Pierre Quinet.

Bonis was too modest for self-promotion, and even her admirers at the time could not overlook her gender. After the First World War, her music fell into obscurity, and she became bedridden from arthritis. She continued to compose through the late 1920s, until her death in 1937, aged 79. Hettich died a month later. Bonis died in Sarcelles, Val-d’Oise, and is buried in Cimetière de Montmartre, Paris.

An eighty-four-page autobiographical book of personal reflections, “Souvenirs et Réflexions”, was published by her daughter, Jeanne Brochot (née Domange), through ‘les éditions du Nant d’enfer’, Évian, in 1974.

Source Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mélanie_Bonis

Werkliste

  • Violinsonate fis-moll

Diskografie






Noten

Kammermusik Noten

Flötenmusik von Komponistinnen




Orchestermusik Noten

Suite orientale op. 48/2 für Orchester

Ophélie op. 165/2 für Orchester

21 Kompositionen für Orgel

Le Chat sur le toit ou les amours du chat für Tenor und Orchester op. 93