Elisabeth-Claude Jacquet de La Guerreaus Barock

Elisabeth Jacquet de La Guerre by François de Troy / Public domain

Élisabeth-Claude Jacquet de La Guerre (geb. Élisabeth Jacquet; getauft 17. März 1665 in Paris; † 27. Juni 1729 in Paris) war eine französische Komponistin und Cembalistin.

Leben

Élisabeth-Claude Jacquet de La Guerre, die Tochter des Organisten Claude Jacquet, trat schon im Kindesalter als Konzertcembalistin auf. Im Alter von fünf Jahren spielte sie vor König Ludwig XIV. und wurde von dessen Mätresse, Madame de Montespan, in Obhut genommen. Der König unterstützte sie finanziell und ließ später ihre kompositorischen Werke zur Aufführung bringen. Ihre Erfolge sind im Mercure Galant zu verfolgen. Der Weimarer Musikschriftsteller und Komponist Johann Gottfried Walther brachte 1732 sein Musicalisches Lexicon heraus, in dem er daraus vom „Wunder unseres Jahrhunderts“ zitiert: „Jaquier (sic) ein kleines und lediges Französisches Frauenzimmer ums Jahr 1678, so das Clavessin tractieret, wird im Mercure Galant a.c. im Decembre-Monat, p. 80. la merveille de nostre Siecle genennet.“

1684 heiratete sie den Organisten Marin de la Guerre. Die Französin Élisabeth-Claude Jacquet de La Guerre gehört zusammen mit den Italienerinnen Francesca Caccini, Barbara Strozzi und Isabella Leonarda zu den heute als „etabliert“ zu bezeichnenden Komponistinnen des Barock. Sie war die erste Komponistin Frankreichs, die eine Oper komponierte, die an der Opéra Paris aufgeführt wurde. Es handelt sich um Céphale et Procris, eine tragédie-lyrique mit Prologue und fünf Akten, deren Libretto von Joseph-François Duché de Vancy stammte.

Quelle Wiki: https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Élisabeth_Jacquet_de_La_Guerre

Élisabeth-Claude Jacquet de La Guerre (geb. Élisabeth Jacquet; getauft 17. März 1665 in Paris; † 27. Juni 1729 in Paris) war eine französische Komponistin und Cembalistin.

Life

Élisabeth-Claude Jacquet de La Guerre (née Jacquet) was born on March 17, 1665, into a family of musicians and master instrument-makers in the parish of Saint-Louis-en-l’Île, Paris. She came from a rich family of masons, musicians, composers, and instrument makers. Her grandfather, Jehan Jacquet, and her father, Claude Jacquet, were harpsichord makers. Rather than just teaching his sons, Claude Jacquet taught both his sons and daughters how to survive and thrive in the world. This upbringing, support from her father, and her family’s rich history of musicianship was a major stepping stone for her musical career. She received her initial musical education from her father. At the age of five, Louis XIV took notice of her when she performed, evidently as a child prodigy, at his palace of Versailles. This eventually led to her becoming a musician in the court of Louis XIV, the Sun King. She wrote most of her works for her king, which was common.[citation needed] As a teenager she was accepted into the French court where her education was supervised by the king’s mistress, Françoise-Athénaïs, marquise de Montespan. She stayed with the royal court until it moved to Versailles. In 1684 she married the organist Marin de La Guerre, son of the late organist at the Sainte-Chapelle, Michel de La Guerre. After her marriage she taught, composed, and gave concerts at home and throughout Paris, to great acclaim.

Jacquet de La Guerre was one of the few well-known female composers of her time, and unlike many of her contemporaries, she composed in a wide variety of forms. Her talent and achievements were acknowledged by Titon du Tillet, who accorded her a place on his Mount Parnassus when she was only 26 years old, next to Lalande and Marais and directly below Lully. A quote from Titon du Tillet describes her “marvellous facility for playing preludes and fantasies off the cuff. Sometimes she improvises one or another for a whole half hour with tunes and harmonies of great variety and in quite the best possible taste, quite charming her listeners.(Le Parnasse françois, 1732)”

Her first published work was her Premier livre de pièces de clavessin, printed in 1687, which includes unmeasured preludes. It was one of the few collections of harpsichord pieces printed in France in the 17th century, along with those of Chambonnières, Lebègue and d’Anglebert. During the 1690s she composed a ballet, Les Jeux à l’honneur de la victoire (c. 1691), which has subsequently been lost. On 15 March 1694, the production of her opera Céphale et Procris at the Académie Royale de Musique was the first of an opera written by a woman in France. The five-act tragédie lyrique was set to a libretto by Duché de Vancy. Like her contemporaries, she also experimented with Italian genres: principally the sonata and the cantata. In 1695 she composed a set of trio sonatas which, with those of Marc-Antoine Charpentier, François Couperin, Jean-Féry Rebel and Sébastien de Brossard, are among the earliest French examples of the sonata.

Her only published opera only had 5 or 6 performances. An explanation of this failure was that the opera depended on the text rather than the music. Cephale et Procris would soon be known as tragedie en musique, a tragedy put into music, and French literary theatre recited musically. Her compositions were not received well by the French musical culture, which was cautious about contemporary opera. It might have been accepted more readily in Italy with all its musical innovations, but in France, tradition was considered necessary in its music. The reception of Cephale et Procris tells us more about the world of opera in France in the 1690s and French music rather than her ability as a composer. This put a stop to her career as an operatic composer.

During the next few years many of her near relations died, including her only son who was ten years old, her mother, father, husband, and brother Nicolas. She continued to perform, however, and in 1707 her collection Pièces de Clavecin qui peuvent se jouer sur le Violon, a new set of harpsichord pieces, was published, followed by six Sonates pour le violon et pour le clavecin. These works are an early example of the new genre of accompanied harpsichord works, where the instrument is used in an obbligato role with the violin; Rameau’s Pièces de clavecin en concerts are somewhat of the same type. The dedication of the 1707 work speaks of the continuing admiration and patronage of Louis XIV:

Such happiness for me, Sire, if my latest work may receive as glorious a reception from Your Majesty as I have enjoyed almost from the cradle, for, Sire, if I may remind you, you never spurned my youthful offerings. You took pleasure in seeing the birth of the talent that I have devoted to you; and you honoured me even then with your commendations, of the value of which I had no understanding at the time. My slender talents have since grown. I have striven even harder, Sire, to deserve your approbation, which has always meant everything to me …

She returned to vocal composition with the publication of two books of Cantates françoises sur des sujets tirez de l’Ecriture in 1708 and 1711. Her last published work was a collection of secular Cantates françoises (c. 1715). In the inventory of her possessions after her death, there were three harpsichords: a small instrument with white and black keys, one with black keys, and a large double manual Flemish harpsichord.

Jacquet de La Guerre died in Paris in 1729, aged 64.

Source Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Élisabeth_Jacquet_de_La_Guerre

Diskografie